Turpentine Derived Scheme
Gum turpentine, wood turpentine, and sulphate turpentine are the three categories of turpentine, distinguished by their respective sources of raw materials. Sulphate turpentine is a byproduct of the pulp manufacturing process. This substance has a low level of alpha-pinene and a high concentration of 3-Carene. Gum turpentine is derived from pine resin through distillation. The isomers alpha-Pinene and beta-Pinene make up a large proportion of this substance, while Camphene, Dipentene, and Terpinolene are found in smaller quantities.
Extracted from pine trees, gum turpentine is an oil that ranges in color from colorless to pale yellow and contains a mixture of terpenes. Due to the existence of double bonds and rings, terpenes have the ability to undergo various reactions. The pinene structure in turpentine provides it with properties resembling those of other natural flavor and fragrance compounds. In contrast to petroleum-based compounds, this has a unique advantage.
The isomerization of turpentine results in intermediates like Camphene, an essential material in the synthetic scheme for a variety of fragrances. The substances known as Ocimene, Myrcene, and Geraniol, which are derived from the process of pyrolysis or hydrogenation, serve as the fundamental building blocks for a diverse range of flavor and fragrance formulations.
Pinonic acid and Pinic acid, both oxidation products of turpentine, possess versatile properties that make them suitable for a range of fine chemical uses, such as plasticizers, lubricants, and chemical additives. The execution of hydration reactions can be applied to formulate cough medicine and other related products.
To summarize, it can be concluded that turpentine, being an innate and renewable element, is exceedingly congruous with the contemporary inclination towards green, low-carbon, and sustainable advancement.
β-Pinene oxide is prepared by oxidation of β-pinene in methylene chloride in the presence of sodium carbonate using peracetic acid as an oxidant at 0 °C.BETA Pinene Oxide is widely used in fragrance f…
Terpineol MU is a monoterpene alcohol compound, which is derived from the hydration of alpha-Pinene or Gum Turpentine. There are three isomers, alpha-, beta-, and gamma-terpineol, Terpineol is usually…
alpha-Pinene-Oxide is a monoterpene. It is the epoxide of alpha-pinene that appears colorless liquid with fresh odor. alpha-Pinene-Oxide is widely used in fragrance formulation.
Dihydroterpineol appears coloeless sticky oily transparent liquid with pine oily floral.It is obtained by hydrogenation of Terpineol.Dihydroterpineol is mainly used in the preparation of fragrances.
Terpinenes are classified as three isomeric hydrocarbons: alpha-Terpinene, beta-Terpinene and Gamma-terpinene.Gamma-terpinene appears colorless liquid with turpentine-like odor.Gamma-terpinene is extr…
Pinane is a monoterpene and a carbobicyclic compound. It appears colorless oily liquid with mild odor. Pinane is prepared by the hydrogenation of pinene.It is mainly used to synthesize linalool, geran…
Terpinolene is one of the constituents of turpentine and an isomer of terpinene. It appears colourless to pale yellow liquid with pine-like odor.Terpinolene is the byproduct in the production of terpi…
Terpinen-4-ol is an isomer of terpineol that naturally found in turpentine oil and lavender oil. It appears pale yellow viscous liquid with mild earthy and woody odor.Terpinen-4-ol can be prepared by …