Turpentine Derived Scheme
Gum turpentine, wood turpentine, and sulphate turpentine are the three categories of turpentine, distinguished by their respective sources of raw materials. Sulphate turpentine is a byproduct of the pulp manufacturing process. This substance has a low level of alpha-pinene and a high concentration of 3-Carene. Gum turpentine is derived from pine resin through distillation. The isomers alpha-Pinene and beta-Pinene make up a large proportion of this substance, while Camphene, Dipentene, and Terpinolene are found in smaller quantities.
Extracted from pine trees, gum turpentine is an oil that ranges in color from colorless to pale yellow and contains a mixture of terpenes. Due to the existence of double bonds and rings, terpenes have the ability to undergo various reactions. The pinene structure in turpentine provides it with properties resembling those of other natural flavor and fragrance compounds. In contrast to petroleum-based compounds, this has a unique advantage.
The isomerization of turpentine results in intermediates like Camphene, an essential material in the synthetic scheme for a variety of fragrances. The substances known as Ocimene, Myrcene, and Geraniol, which are derived from the process of pyrolysis or hydrogenation, serve as the fundamental building blocks for a diverse range of flavor and fragrance formulations.
Pinonic acid and Pinic acid, both oxidation products of turpentine, possess versatile properties that make them suitable for a range of fine chemical uses, such as plasticizers, lubricants, and chemical additives. The execution of hydration reactions can be applied to formulate cough medicine and other related products.
To summarize, it can be concluded that turpentine, being an innate and renewable element, is exceedingly congruous with the contemporary inclination towards green, low-carbon, and sustainable advancement.